€61,000 award in pregnancy discrimination case

A number of recent decisions indicate that employers continue to misunderstand or ignore their employees’ right to return to work after maternity leave.

In the most recent decision, the Workplace Relations Commission (WRC) ordered a rental company to pay €61,000 to a general manager. The WRC determined she was ‘effectively demoted’ when she returned from maternity leave.

‘Effectively demoted’

The company employed the claimant as a general manager on a gross annual salary of €70,000. Following her return from maternity leave, the employee disagreed with the way her employer behaved toward her.

She gave evidence to the WRC alleging that the owner of the company told her “there was big changes around here” during her maternity leave. They advised her that a reorganisation of duties would see a colleague take up a role from where she would “oversee everyone’s work”.

As a result, the employee felt that she had been effectively demoted. She felt the reallocation of duties amounted to gender-based discrimination relating to her pregnancy.

The Adjudication Officer (AO) found in favour of the employee in finding that her role substantially changed on her return from maternity leave. The AO noted that her general manager duties were more akin to those of a general operative.

The AO also reprimanded the owner of the company for speaking to the employee in a manner that is unacceptable in a work environment.

The AO ordered the employer to pay the employee €53,000 in compensation for the discriminatory treatment she suffered.

Victimisation claim

The employer was also unsuccessful in defending a claim of victimisation. The employer removed the employee’s company mobile phone privileges. In the circumstances of the case, this amounted to victimisation under the Employment Equality Acts.

The AO ordered the employer to pay the employee €8,000 in compensation for the victimisation claim.

Risks on return to work from maternity leave

Maternity protection legislation gives women-specific legal protections. Among the most explicit rights under maternity protection laws is the right to return to the same job. Upon return, the same terms and conditions should apply.

It remains unclear whether employers are not aware of this right, or whether they simply misunderstand its scope. Either way, many recent claims in this area have made their way to the WRC or been settled.

The WRC is particularly vigilant to prevent employers from circumventing maternity protection laws by allowing the employee to return to the same role, while simultaneously watering down her duties.

If your employee returns from maternity leave, changing her duties and responsibilities can have repercussions. If done in a way that diminishes her role, your business is at risk of having to defend an expensive discrimination claim.

It is, of course, possible that a role will change to some degree during a period of maternity leave. To cover this situation, there is one exception to the rule that the employee must return to the same position following maternity leave.

Maternity protection laws state that if it is not ‘reasonably practicable’ for your employee to return to the position she occupied before taking maternity leave, you must provide ‘suitable alternative work’.

You must be particularly mindful that the employee does not feel that she has suffered a change in status. She may also feel she now occupies a position more junior than the one she held before maternity leave. If this does happen, your organisation will be heavily scrutinised by the WRC if a claim is lodged.

There is also no cap on gender-based discrimination awards. An order of compensation for a gender-based claim could cost your organisation dearly.

Still unsure of your duties to your employees under maternity protection laws? Contact the advice line on +353 1 886 0350 to speak with one of our experts.

Book a call with a consultant

Complete the form below and a consultant will call you as soon as possible.

Book a call with a consultant

Complete the form below and a consultant will call you as soon as possible.

Latest Resources

What happens when workplace romances go wrong

workplace romances gone wrong
First published: February 14th 2024 Last updated: February 14th 2024 Love makes the world go round, or so they say. But what effect does love […]

10 tips for handling an office romance

First published: February 12th 2020 Last updated: February 14th 2024 It’s estimated people spend a third of their life at work, so it’s no surprise […]

An employer’s defence to sexual harassment claims

Sexual harassment claims
First published: December 11th 2023 Last updated: December 11th 2023 While the vast majority of Christmas party celebrations pass off without any problems, there’s no […]

Olga Shevchenko

Director/Advocate, Immigration Advice Bureau

Olga Shevchenko specialises in immigration advocacy and consultancy, in particular, employment permit, visas, family reunification, citizenship, etc, for those seeking to visit, reside or invest in Ireland.

Olga provides extensive information, knowledge, and support to her clients, enabling access to positive solutions for people struggling to handle the immigration law.

Minister Neale Richmond

Minister of State, Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment

Neale Richmond TD was appointed as Minister of State at the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment with special responsibility for Employment Affairs and Retail Business and the Department of Social Protection in January 2023.

Much of his work at the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment is with businesses, workers, their representative bodies and the State Agencies to ensure that the economic recovery and growth extends to all parts of the country. He works closely with the SME sector, including retail, on building resilience and on the transition to the green and digital economies.

Mark Carpenter

Director of Regulatory & Corporate Affairs, Sky

Mark Carpenter is Director of Regulatory & Corporate Affairs at Sky Ireland. In this role he has responsibility for External and Internal Communications, Public Policy and Regulatory Affairs and the company’s ‘Bigger Picture’ (CSR) programme. He also works closely with Sky Group teams on a variety of matters, in particular our partnerships with domestic broadcasters.

Prior to working at Sky, Mark worked as a Policy Officer in Houses of the Oireachtas and as a Management Consultant at Accenture. He has a BA in History from Oxford University and a PhD in Political Science from Trinity College Dublin.

Nora Cashe

Litigation and Compliance Manager, Peninsula

Nóra studied Law in Griffith College Dublin and qualified as a Barrister in 2008, practising in the area of Criminal law. She is also member of the Irish Employment Law Association.

Nora has extensive experience representing clients at Employment Tribunal hearings, Conciliation / Mediation meetings before both the Workplace Relations Commission and the Labour Court. 

Nóra is a member of the Irish Employment Law Association and engages with the WRC Adjudication Service as part of their stakeholder engagement forum.

Deiric McCann

Managing Director, Genos International Europe

Deiric McCann leads Genos International Europe – The EU division of a world-leading provider of emotional intelligence solutions. 

With over two decades experience at the highest levels of management, Deiric supports clients to develop the resilience, emotional intelligence, psychological safety and engagements of their employees.

Rhiannon Coyne

Senior HR Consultant, Graphite HRM

Rhiannon Coyne is a Senior HR Consultant at Graphite HRM and will be providing an overview of best practice on how to deal with complaints of bullying and harassment in the workplace. 

With a number of recent updates to employment laws, Rhiannon will take a closer look at employment equality and how it is interlinked to Health & Safety and what employers can learn from recent case laws.

David Begg

Chairman, Workplace Relations Commission

David Begg was appointed Chairperson of the Workplace Relations Commission (WRC) in January 2021.

David is also a professor at Maynooth University Institute of Social Sciences. Mr Begg’s extensive history in the trade union movement included leading the ESB Officers Association and Irish Congress of Trade Unions, stepping away from the latter in 2001 to chair international aid agency Concern.

David Begg was also previously a director of the Central Bank of Ireland between 1995 and 2010.